Turkey has established first relations with European Nuclear Research Centre (CERN) in 1960’s by the involvement of some of our physicists in experiments by their own efforts and then has turned into institutional level by the support of the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) and Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK). Turkey has an observatory status in CERN for about 50 years. Various research groups, mainly from Ankara, Boğaziçi, Çukurova, İstanbul, Doğuş, Yıldız Teknik, Uludağ, TOBB, İzmir High Technology Institute and Middle East Technical Universities have participated in the experiments and projects, namely CHARM II, SMC, CHORUS, ATLAS, CMS, ALICE, CLIC, CTF3, CAST, BEAM DYNAMICS and DIAGNOSTIC and ISOLDE. Today, the number of Turkish scientists joining the research activities at CERN is around 150 and the participation is highly extensive in institutional level.

TAEK has been in charge of coordination of the activities related to CERN, participating in the scientific activities, sponsoring the activities undertaken in Turkey and representing Turkey in CERN since 2006. Currently, 15 national research projects, related to CERN experiments, are being carried out in various universities with the funds provided by TAEK.

TAEK has been representing Turkey in CERN Council in observer status since the beginning   of  relations with CERN and has initiated activities for strengthening national infrastructure, and   for  following  and  finalizing  the  membership  procedures  in  the  frame  o f mandate  given  by  the  Turkish Government in 2006. A step towards the membership was taken as a result of the increasing activities in the last 3 years. In this context, TAEK-CERN Cooperation Agreement, which defines the framework of relations between Turkey and CERN, was signed in Geneva on April 14, 2008. Turkey has joined the CERN-GRID system through the GRID Memorandum of Understanding signed between TAEK and CERN on January 29, 2008.

Turkey's membership application to the European Nuclear Research Centre (CERN) was considered by CERN Council on December 17, 2009. Council has decided to review and assess the information included in our national report. In this regard, CERN delegation consisting of eight professionals visited Turkey from 12 to 14 July 2010 and was also received by Mr. Abdullah Gül, President of Turkey during this visit.