Reactor building opening ceremony


TR-1 Research Reator

First building and the site

ÇNAEM and its environment

In 1956, General Secreteriat of Atomic Energy Commission was established in Ankara by the law numbered 6821, as an organization affiliated to the Prime Ministry. In 1982, the Commission was restructured as Turkish Atomic Energy Authority affiliated to the Prime Ministry by the law numbered 2690.

In 1956, 760.000 TL (~ 270.000 $) was allocated from the state budget for establishment of a research reactor and to pay for its first charges. For that purpose, the land by the Küçükçekmece Lake in İstanbul was expropriated. In 1957, “American Machine and Foundry (AMF)”  was  chosen among the five firms submitted bid for construction of the TR-1 Research Reactor for experimental purposes in nuclear science. The project was on a turnkey basis. TR-1 Research reactor was constructed between years 1959-1962 on the land. On the 6th of January, 1962 the reactor reached first criticality and started operation on 27th of May, 1962. The facility and its environment was named Çekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center (ÇNAEM). Construction of reactor building was finished in November, 1960 and the laboratories and workshop construction was finished in April 1961. The first staff  of ÇNAEM was appointed in July, 1961.

In 1962, establishment of Çekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center was finished. The center was affiliated to the General Secretariat of Atomic Energy Commission and its purpose was research, development, application and training activities in nuclear field.

Ankara Nuclear Research and Training Center (ANAEM) was established in 1967.

In 1967, “Decree on Radiation Health” and in 1968 “Regulation on Radiation Health” entered into force on the basis of the Law numbered 6821. As the defined in the Decree, authorization of granting and cancelling licenses in activities involving radiation was given to the Atomic Energy Commission. According to the legislation, those duties were performed by Health Physics Departments of Çekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center and Ankara Nuclear Research and Training Center.

Until 1973, personal dosimetry service was provided for 3550 radiation workers.

In 1979, Nuclear Agriculture Center was established within the structure of  ANAEM. In 1999, Nuclear Agriculture Center was restructured and continued its activities inside the organization of Ankara Nuclear Agriculture and Livestock Research Center (ANTHAM) located in Sarayköy.

Lalahan Animal Health Nuclear Research Center was established in 1981 and continued its activities inside the organization of Ankara Nuclear Agriculture and Livestock Research Center (ANTHAM) located in Sarayköy.

In October 1999, Research and Training Center for Turkish Speaking Countries (TÜDNAEM) was established by the decision of Council of Ministers as an affiliated organization of TAEK. TÜDNAEM was established for execution of  effective and productive of relations with the Turkish Speaking Countries.

Ankara Nuclear Research and Training Center (ANAEM) and Ankara Nuclear Agriculture and Livestock Research Center (ANTHAM)  were consolidated under Sarayköy Nuclear Research and Training Center (SANAEM) by the decision of Council of Ministers published in the Official Gazette on 1st of July, 2005.

TAEK’s activities are being performed by three centers and departments under the authority of TAEK President. 

Tasks of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority

According to the Act of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, which was issued in the Official Gazette number 17753 on 13 July 1982, the duties and authorizations of the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority are as follows:

a)    To determine the basis of the national policy and the related plans and programmes in connection with the peaceful utilization of atomic energy for the benefit of the State and to submit them to the Prime Minister for approval; to do all kinds of research, development, studies and activities and have them done for the use of atomic energy is the State’s scientific, technical and economic development and to coordinate and support such activities in this field.

b)   To determine the general principles to be complied in all kinds of prospecting, exploiting, purification, distribution, import, export, trade, transport, use, transfer and storage of nuclear raw material, special fissionable material and other strategic materials used in nuclear fields and to make recommendations and cooperation thereon.

c)    To establish or enforce the establishment of research and training centers, units, laboratories, test centers and pilot plants without energy production purposes located in the necessary places of the country and to operate them or have them operated; to realize the activities to direct the national industry towards the nuclear technology; to make recommendations for the establishment of fuel cycle installations for management, purification and other necessary purposes.

d) To establish and operate the radioisotope production, quality control, scaling and distribution installations.

To determine the guiding principles and provisions for protection against the damages of ionizing radiation in the activities performed using radiation equipment, radioactive materials, special fissionable materials and such ionizing radiation sources and to determine the limits of legal liability.

To give license as a basis for authorization to governmental or private bodies or persons who keep, use, import or export, transport, store and trade in radioactive materials and radiation equipments and to control those regarding radiation protection; to enforce the responsibility of liability for implementing the above activities; to cancel the given license permanently or temporarily, in contradictory cases to radiation regulations; if necessary to decide for the termination of above organizations and to provide the commencement of legal investigations within the general legal principles.

To prepare the decrees and regulations governing the general principles for the use, export, import, transport and insurance liability of radioisotopes.

e)  To grant approval, permission and license related to the site selection, construction, operation and environmental protection of nuclear power and research reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities; to do necessary inspections and controls, to limit (restrict) the operating authority in case of noncompliance with the permission or license; to cancel permanently or temporarily the permission or license given and to make recommendations to the Prime Minister for closing down those installations; to prepare the necessary technical guides, decrees and regulations for those purposes.

f)  To take the necessary measures or have them taken for the safe process, transport, permanent or temporary storage of the radioactive waste from nuclear facilities and radioisotope laboratories.

g)  To establish relations with the national institutions and bodies concerned with the atomic energy; to cooperate; to participate in the scientific studies of the foreign and international institutions and bodies concerned with nuclear energy and to contact and cooperate with such institutions; to program and distribute the assistances that will be provided from domestic or foreign sources for all kinds of nuclear studies.

h)  To train the personnel who will work in the nuclear field or to assist their training when necessary and to cooperate with concerned bodies and higher educational organizations; to make recommendations on the distribution of the fellowships supported by domestic sources in nuclear field; to distribute the fellowships supported by the foreign sources; to conduct and help to conduct training courses within the country; to send students and personnel to foreign countries; to plan and follow their education and studies.

i)   To collect, disseminate and introduce the necessary information and the results of the studies from inside and outside the country related to the application of atomic energy; to announce the necessary information to public; to inform the public in nuclear matters.

j)  To carry out studies related to national and international law in nuclear field and to propose the necessary regulatory arrangements.

k) To prepare and implement the decrees and regulations determining the basis related to the protection of nuclear materials and facilities and to control the subjects related to those and to give comments about the regulations to be prepared by other institutions related to this subject.

TAEK Organization Chart

Atomic Energy Commission

Members of Atomic Energy Commission 




 President of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority


Veysel UYAR

 Vice President of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority


Doç. Dr. Mustafa ÖZDEMİR

 Vice President of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority



 Vice President of Turkish Atomic Energy Authority


Müh.Yb. Erdinç DİNÇER

 Ministry of National Defense 


Büyükelçi Hakkı Emre YUNT

 Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Prof.Dr. Mehmet Haluk AKSEL

 Middle East Technical University


Prof.Dr. Semih KÜÇÜKARSLAN  

 İstanbul Technical University


Prof.Dr. Kemal Metin KIR

 Ankara University


Prof.Dr. Ayhan YILMAZER

 Hacettepe University


The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), under the chairmanship of the President of the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, consists of the Vice Presidents, one member from each of the Ministries of National Defence, Foreign Affairs, Energy and Natural Resources and of four faculty members in the field of nuclear energy. The representative members of the Ministries and educational organizations are selected by the Prime Minister for four-year terms of appointment.

The Prime Minister Presides the Atomic Energy Commission meetings whenever he deems necessary.

The representatives of the other related Ministries may participate to the meetings of the Atomic Energy Commission according to the principles determined by the Prime Ministry.

The working system of the Atomic Energy Commission is arranged by a regulation.

Duties of AEC are:

  • To set the working principles and programs of TAEK, to approve the draft budget for submittal to the Prime Minister,
  • To draft and submit to the Prime Minister laws and decrees related to nuclear field, and to approve the regulations drafted by TAEK,
  • To observe and evaluate the studies of TAEK, to submit the annual work program and annual work report to the Prime Minister,
  • To submit the necessary arrangements reviewing the organization and posts against the developing needs of the Authority for the approval of the Prime Minister.

TAEK Emblem

TAEK Emblem (White Background)TAEK Emblem (Transparent Background)